According to history, Finca El Injerto dates back to 1870 when people began to colonize the mountainous area of the municipality of La Libertad de Huehuetenango. They settled in this area because of the valuable resources of the land, which are still preserved today. Among them are the richness of its soils, the amount of water there is, and in general, the mountainous terrain that is represented as a primary tropical humid forest. Due to this, this forest represents a great water load for the entire region and to date, more than 20 communities use this valuable resource as sustenance.
At the time of the arrival of these new people, there was absolutely nothing but nature. They literally started from scratch growing and producing items that were traded in the region as a method of exchange with other products because the physical coins were not yet in circulation.
The name of the Finca El Injerto is due to the fact that in the years 1870 to 1880 there was a great variety of trees of the “Zapo Tasia” family and the fruit of these called “injerto ” was one of the products that most it was exchanged as a swap to nearby towns.
When Arturo Aguirre’s ancestors arrived, there was no noticeable development at the level of the communities surrounding the farm, despite the fact that there was great potential with the land resources. The houses were structures that they built by themselves with adobe, manila tile roofs, and wood from the region. At that time, cement was not known and all the basic materials for construction were nil.
The first crops that were made in these lands were corn, beans, wheat, abas, and sugar cane, the latter was used mainly to make panela and liquor. In addition, the planting of tobacco was used for the construction of cigars since they also had the resource of the maguey maize cover from which they obtained the wrapper and the bender. Henequen was used in the same way as sugar cane to make liquor and also to make ties, belts, and waxes for beasts of burden used to transport products.
In the year 1885, religious from the Chiapas area (a region where there was still no border) gave as a gift to Arturo Aguirre’s ancestors around 100 discovered root coffee plants (since there were not yet all the wrapping processes that today are used). These people were strangers to these plants and due to their little interest in them they planted them in the least suitable and infertile area of the farm, however, they were surprised that despite the sowing conditions, they adapted perfectly to the area giving the start of the official coffee production of Finca El Injerto. Today this represents the main crop of the farm, being the agro-ecological conditions that allow obtaining quality beans that lead El Injerto to position itself as one of the highest quality coffee farms in the world.
This is how El Injerto became the first coffee-producing farm in Huehuetenango, Guatemala.